|Sedes Sacrorum (Latin Sedes for seat/see, Sacrorum for holy) otherwise known as Santa Sede and the “SS” also known in English as “Holy See” refers to the legal apparatus as a whole by which the Roman Catholic Pope and its Curia of Bishops claim historical recognition as a sovereign entity with superior legal rights.|
|The Catholic Church uses two legal personalities with which to conduct its international affairs: the first is as an International State known as the Vatican City State, to which the Pope is the Head of Government. The second is as the supreme legal personality above all other legal personalities by which all property and “creatures” are subjects.|
The legal enforcability of the second personality of the Catholic Church as the Holy See is dependent upon the continued adherence to legal statutes, definitions, conventions and covenants as have been accumulated since the Middle Ages concerning the primacy of the Pope over all property and creatures. Theses statutes, conventions and covenants remain the fabric and foundation of the modern legal system of most states in the world.
To extend its legal strength using its second personality, the Catholic Church considers the region controlled by every bishop a See.
Origin of the word See
The Roman Cult which controls the Catholic Church maintains that the first person to use the concept of the Holy See was St. Peter. This of course, is impossible as the etymology of the word "Sedes" (See) and its associated meaning were not in existence until hundreds of years after the execution of St. Peter in 70 CE at the Siege of Jerusalem.
The first use of the word "see" was as the informal name of the forged "Chair of St. Peter"created by the monks of St. Denis Abbey, Paris on behalf of Pepin the Short around 748 in anticipation of his coronation and proof of the legitimacy of the Pippin claims in creating the Catholic Church. It comes from the Old French word sied and sed which in turn comes from the Latin sedem (nom. sedes) meaning "seat, abode" and also sedere "to sit". The formal name for the chair was (and still is) Cathedra Petri--literally "chair of St. Peter"
When the chair was created at St. Denis, so was the legal concept of the chair literally representing the legitimate sedes or "seat" of power of the Vicarius Christi. This was in direct confrontation to the legal position of the Primate and Patriarch of Constantinople claiming to be the sedes or "seat" of Christianity.
The legal fiction known as Ex Cathedra (literally meaning "from the chair... of St. Peter") implying infallibility was not an original intention when creating the forgery. Instead, the heretical concept of infallibility did not appear until much later centuries.
Nor is it true that the Imperial Christian Patriarchs use the term "see" or sedes until centuries after the concept was created in the Catholic Church by Charles Martel and his sons.
The forgery did not go to Rome but remained at the Mother Church for the Catholic Church at St. Denis where it was used as the coronation chair for Pepin the Short in 751. The chair was brought by Pepin on his conquest of Italy from 752 --providing it as a gift for the coronation of Vicarius Christi Paul in 757 -- the first time in history a "Pope" had ever sat on a seat carrying this title.
Over the centuries, many chair of St. Peter has been variously stolen, vandalized beyond repair, burnt and lost. However, like the false claims of apostolic succession contained in the masterwork forgery known as Liber Pontificalis, the chair of St. Peter claims an unbroken succession of Popes having physically sat on its seat.
Both legally and technically, if the chair of St. Peter was to be destroyed without the Catholic Church able to find a quick replacement to hide the fact, then the primary legitimate legal power of the Holy See- claimed to emanate from this sacred "relic" would immediately cease -- so too any further statements that are Ex Cathedra. No Chair = No power from the chair.
The most recent chair which is enshrined by the work of Gian Lorenzo Bernini into the High Altar of St. Peters is claimed to be from the 8th century -- therefore the claimed original. However, it is more likely to be a 17th century fake.
In spite of the Catholic Church openly admitting that the Chair of St. Peter is an outright fraud, the fraud remains on public display as arguably one of the most revered church relics.
Foundation of the Holy See
In 1249 Giovanni Bernardone Morosini (Moriconi), otherwise known as Francis of Assisi and grandson of Doge Domenico Morosini (1148-1166) became the first Christian Doge of Venice (1249-1253). It is why later forgers of the Roman Cult saw it important to sever all possibility of "St Francis" the Moroconi/Morisini also being the Doge "Marino" (Mariner, or of the sea) Morosini in 1249-1253.
In his first year in office, works on St Mark's Basilica was expanded and the very first Bucentaur (state galley) was constructed. Doge Giovanni then called upon AntiPope Innocent IV (1243-1254) to give him is papal ring--his symbol of authority.
Then in 1250 upon the Bucentaur, Doge Giovanni (St Francis) and Innocent IV went off into the sea near St Mark's Square's square and Doge St Francis threw the Papal Ring into the sea during a formal Roman Cult religious ceremony at which point St Francis was the first to ever usher "Desponsamus te, mare, in signum veri perpetuique domini" We wed thee, sea, in the sign of the true and everlasting Lord") declared Venice and the (Holy) sea to be indissolubly one--thus the Holy See was first born as the first "fully christian" joint business venture between the Roman Cult, the Venetians and the Crown of England.
Origin of the legal entity "Sedes Sacrorum"
This first use of "Holy See" to mean specifically, the legal personality of office of a bishop began under Pope Boniface VIII when he issued his famous Papal Bull on February 25, 1296 that decreed that "all prelates or other ecclesiastical superiors who under whatsoever pretext or color shall, without authority from the Holy See, pay to laymen (general public) any part of their income or of the revenue of the Church, likewise all emperors, kings, dukes, counts, etc. who shall exact or receive such payments, incur eo ipso the sentence of excommunication."
The Papal Bull was in response to the growing promulgation of charters and letters by nobles across Europe following the Magna Carta in 1215. Some of these documents has the technical legal effect of placing the property of the church "under" a sovereign, therefore at risk of seizure when a powerful bishop died. The creation of the concept of a legal personality called the "Holy See" that existed prior to a bishop and continued on after a bishop died was a way of overcoming this threat.
Pope Boniface VIII also associated a second and most significant concept to the idea of the Holy See when he declared around the same time that "every creature is subject to authority of pope". Pope Boniface VIII further strengthened the legal vehicle of the Holy See in 1302 when he issued the Papal Bull Unun Sanctum stating: "We declare, say, define, and pronounce that it is absolutely necessary for the salvation of every human creature to be subject to the Roman pontiff."
The legal personality of the Holy See became instrumental in the Catholic Church establishing one of the most profitable businesses in the Middle Ages- the International Slave Trade. This industry, initially controlled by Portugal and Spain was only made possible because of the unique claimed attributes of the Holy See.
However, a new challenge arose with the proposed expeditions for "new lands" by both Spain and Portugal and how these might be resolved. Pope Sixtus IV (1471-1484) assisted in the resolving the dispute with Spain and Portugal following the Treaty of Alcaçovas by issuing the Papal Bull Aeterni Regis in 1481 which granted the lands "yet to be discovered" along the west coast of Africa as far as Guinea to Portugal.
When Spain sponsored a Papal Navy expedition to claim the New World under the commands of Chrisopher Colon (Columbus), Pope Innocent VIII (1484-1492) extended the concept of the Holy See now to be literally the whole entire oceans with all land in it. Christopher Colon was given the special legal title of Governor and Captain-General of the Indies, Islands and Firm-Land of the Ocean Sea.
The word "Indies" does not refer to the Islands now known as the Caribbean, but a term defining the Roman Catholic concept of human "creatures" subject to the Popes claimed legal control.
The extended legal term of the Holy See being the legal personality of the Roman Catholic Church encompassing the whole oceans and all land was further refined in the Papal Bull Dudum siquidem dated September 25, 1493 entitled Extension of the Apostolic Grant and Donation of the Indies, the Pope granted to Spain even those lands in eastern waters that "at one time or even yet belonged to India." This nullification of Portugal's aspirations led to the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal, which moved the line a little further west to 39°53'W.
Initially, the division line did not explicitly extend around the globe. Spain and Portugal could pass each other toward the west or east, respectively, on the other side of the globe and still possess whatever they were first to discover. In response to Portugal's discovery of the Spice Islands in 1512, the Spanish put forward the idea, in 1518, that Pope Alexander had divided the world into two halves. The antipodal line in the eastern hemisphere was then established by the Treaty of Saragossa (1529) near 145°E.
Origins of the Spiritual Entity called The SS
Under Pope Innocent VIII, the role of the Inquisition and Inquisitor changed to increase their legal and spiritual authority when despatching "heretics". Around 1483 Tomás de Torquemada was named Inquisidor General of Aragón, Valencia and Catalonia.
His torturers and special militia were then blessed with being sworn into the highest sacred order of the Roman Cult-- the SS or the Knights of the Sedes Sacrorum.
As a military order of the Roman Catholic Church, the Knights of the Sedes Sacrorum (SS) were bestowed by the legal orders of the Roman Pontiff on behalf of the Mother Church to wage constant Holy Inquisition against all heretics, including assassinations, torture and counter-intelligence, to protect the name of the Holy Roman Catholic Church and directly represent the interests of the Holy See as its primary order of Holy Knights-- the SS (Sedes Sacrorum or Holy See).
As a spiritual order of the Roman Catholic Church, the SS --were bestowed with the extraordinary Roman Catholic grace of being forgiven for all their mortal sins (therefore can go to Heaven) that "unfortunately" must be done in order to observe its temporal orders. In others words, the troops of the Grand Inquisitor Tomás de Torquemada were the first religious military order to be granted "immunity" from Hell by the Pope on account of its acts of torture, terror and evil.
The last open satanic ritual sacrifices under the Holy Inquisition was in the early 19th Century. By the beginning of the 20th Century, there were less than a few hundred SS soldiers still assigned to the Holy Inquisition. However, upon the appointment of Fr Heinrich Himmler S.J. in 1929 to the NSDAP in Germany, a new Nazi SS (Knights of the Sedes Sacrorum) Army of several hundred thousand was created by 1939 to wage the single greatest Inquisition ever undertaken by the Roman Cult-- with over 18 million innocent people burned alive in ovens in Russia and Poland.
The German SS were disbanded at the end of World War II, with the Roman Scroll of the SS being handed to the United States SS (Secret Service/Sedes Sacrorum) by 1945. The United States SS was officially created into a military/spiritual force after the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901. After the staged gun-fight outside Blair House in 1950, the United States SS have had absolute protection of the President of the United States, holding him a virtual prisoner of the State under the guise of official protection.